FA Community Shield

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FA Community Shield
Staġun jew kompetizzjoni attwali:
FA Community Shield 2013
FA Community Shield.JPG
FA Community Shield
Sport Futbol
Fundazzjoni 1908
Nru. ta' timijiet 2
Reġjun Bandiera tal-Ingilterra Ingilterra
Bandiera ta' Wales Wales
Ċampjin attwali Manchester United
L-aktar rebħiet Manchester United (20 titlu)
Sit elettroniku thefa.com

L-FA Community Shield (magħrufa qabel bħala Charity Shield) hija logħba tal-futbol li tintlagħab kull sena bejn ir-rebbieħa tal-kampjonat Ingliż u dawk tal-FA Cup. F'każ li ċ-ċampjins tal-Premier League ikunu rebħu wkoll l-FA Cup, l-avversarju jkun it-tim li jkun ikklassifika fit-tieni post tal-kampjonat.

Il-finali ssir ġewwa Wembley Stadium, u ċ-ċampjins attwali huma Manchester United li fil-11 ta' Awwissu 2013 rebħu 2–0 lil Wigan Athletic, biż-żewġ gowls jaslu minn Robin van Persie.

Storja[editja]

Il-Community Shield evolviet mix-Sheriff of London Charity Shield, kompetizzjoni li mill-1898 sal-1905 kienet tlaqqa' l-aqwa tim professjonali Ingliż kontra l-aqwa tim tad-dilettanti. L-isem ġej mill-fatt li l-introjtu minn din il-logħba jingħata b'karità lill-isptarijiet u karitajiet magħżula mill-klabbs parteċipanti, karatterisitka li għadha preżenti sal-ġurnata tal-lum.[1] Il-Football Association Charity Shield, kif kienet magħrufa dak iż-żmien, ġiet immudellata sabiex tieħu post tal-ewwel wara li l-ikbar klabbs tad-dilettanti ma waslux fi qbil mal-FA Ingliża. Il-format il-ġdid kien jinvolvi lir-rebbieħa tal-Ewwel Diviżjoni tal-Football League jaffrontaw lir-rebbieħa tas-Southern League, u l-ewwel logħba li ntlagħbet kienet fl-1908 bejn Manchester United u Queens Park Rangers. Il-partita ntemmet 1–1, u għalhekk kellha terġa' tintlagħab b'Manchester United joħorġu rebbieħa 4–0.

Matul is-snin il-format tal-kompetizzjoni nbidel diversi drabi. Fl-1913, ix-Shield kienet missielta bejn formazzjoni tad-dilettanti u dik tal-professjonisti, waqt li fl-1921 il-kompetizzjoni rat ir-rebbieħa tal-Football League u l-FA Cup jaffrontaw lil xulxin. Il-format kompla jvarja fis-snin għoxrin, dejjem fuq il-linja ta' dilettanti kontra professjonisti, fosthom fl-1927 meta l-professjonisti kienu rappreżentati mid-detenturi tal-FA Cup, Cardiff City, u d-dilettanti minn Corinthian.

Fis-sena 1950, ix-Shield rat jaffrontaw lit-tim nazzjonali Ingliż tat-Tazza tad-Dinja kontra tim tal-FA li kien dar il-Kanada dak is-sajf.[1] Anki fl-1961, is-sena tad-doppjetta domestika tat-Tottenham Hotspur, it-trofew ġie missielet bejn Tottenham u selezzjoni tal-FA imsejħa "Football Association XI".

Mill-1959, il-logħba bdiet tintlagħab fil-bidu tal-istaġun. Il-mistoqsija fuq liema żewġ timijiet jilgħabu għax-Shield f'każ li tim jirbaħ kemm l-FA Cup u l-kampjonat baqgħet hemm. Fl-1971, l-Arsenal saru t-tieni t-tim li għamlu d-Doppjetta minn meta bdiet ix-Shield, imma minħabba li l-logħob skedat ta' qabel l-istaġun huma ma setgħux jieħdu sehem. Leicester City ġew mistiedna bħala ċampjins tat-Tieni Diviżjoni sabiex minflok jilgħabu kontra l-finalisti telliefa tal-FA Cup Liverpool. Huma rnexxielhom jirbħu t-trofew minkejja li qatt qabel ma kienu rebħu l-kampjonat jew l-FA Cup. Fl-1972, ir-rebbieħa tal-kampjonat Derby County u dawk tal-FA Cup Leeds United irrifjutaw li jieħdu sehem fiċ-Charity Shield, u għalhekk Manchester City, li kienu spiċċaw ir-raba' fl-Ewwel Diviżjoni, u ċ-ċampjins tat-Tielet Diviżjoni Aston Villa ġew mistiedna biex jieħdu sehem; Manchester City rebħu 1–0.

Fl-1974, is-segretarju tal-FA Ted Croker, ħoloq il-format attwali bil-partita tintlagħab f'Wembley Stadium bejn iċ-ċampjins attwali tal-kampjonat u l-FA Cup.[1] Fis-snin tmenin u disgħin, jekk konfront kien jispiċċa fi dro, kull tim kien iżomm dan it-trofew sitt xhur kull wieħed; din ġiet irranġata bl-introduzzjoni tal-penalties fl-1993.[1]

Fl-2002, iċ-Charity Commission saret taf li l-Football Association naqset li tilħaq l-obbligazzjonijiet legali taħt il-liġi tal-karità, meta naqset li tispeċika liema flus mill-bejgħ tal-biljetti jmorru għall-karità, u ddum sabiex tagħmel il-pagamenti lill-karitajiet magħżula.[2] B'riżultat t'hekk, il-kompetizzjoni tbiddlilha isimha għal Community Shield.[3]

Rebbieħa[editja]

Skont is-sena[editja]

Sena Rebbieħ Riżultat Finalista tellief Grawnd
1908 Manchester United 1 – 1 Queens Park Rangers Stamford Bridge, Londra
1908 (R) Manchester United 4 – 0 Queens Park Rangers Stamford Bridge, Londra
1909 Newcastle United 2 – 0 Northampton Town Stamford Bridge, Londra
1910 Brighton and Hove Albion 1 – 0 Aston Villa Stamford Bridge, Londra
1911 Manchester United 8 – 4 Swindon Town Stamford Bridge, Londra
1912 Blackburn Rovers 2 – 1 Queens Park Rangers White Hart Lane, Londra
1913 Professionals XI 7 – 2 Amateurs XI The Den, Londra
Bejn l-1914 u l-1919 ma saret l-ebda Shield minħabba li l-futbol kien sospiż matul l-Ewwel Gwerra Dinjija
1920 West Bromwich Albion 2 – 0 Tottenham Hotspur White Hart Lane, Londra
1921 Tottenham Hotspur 2 – 0 Burnley White Hart Lane, Londra
1922 Huddersfield Town 1 – 0 Liverpool Old Trafford, Manchester
1923 Professionals XI 2 – 0 Amateurs XI Stamford Bridge, Londra
1924 Professionals XI 3 – 1 Amateurs XI Highbury, Londra
1925 Amateurs XI 6 – 1 Professionals XI White Hart Lane, Londra
1926 Amateurs XI 6 – 3 Professionals XI Maine Road, Manchester
1927 Cardiff City 2 – 1 Corinthian Stamford Bridge, Londra
1928 Everton 2 – 1 Blackburn Rovers Old Trafford, Manchester
1929 Professionals XI 3 – 0 Amateurs XI The Den, Londra
1930 Arsenal 2 – 1 Sheffield Wednesday Stamford Bridge, Londra
1931 Arsenal 1 – 0 West Bromwich Albion Villa Park, Birmingham
1932 Everton 5 – 3 Newcastle United St. James' Park, Newcastle
1933 Arsenal 3 – 0 Everton Goodison Park, Liverpool
1934 Arsenal 4 – 0 Manchester City Highbury, Londra
1935 Sheffield Wednesday 1 – 0 Arsenal Highbury, Londra
1936 Sunderland 2 – 1 Arsenal Roker Park, Sunderland
1937 Manchester City 2 – 0 Sunderland Maine Road, Manchester
1938 Arsenal 2 – 1 Preston North End Highbury, Londra
Bejn l-1939 u l-1947 ma saret l-ebda Shield minħabba li l-futbol kien sospiż matul it-Tieni Gwerra Dinjija
1948 Arsenal 4 – 3 Manchester United Highbury, Londra
1949 Portsmouth 1 – 1
Titlu maqsum
Wolverhampton Wanderers Highbury, Londra
1950 England World Cup Team 4 – 2 England Canadian Touring Team Stamford Bridge, Londra
1951 Tottenham Hotspur 2 – 1 Newcastle United White Hart Lane, Londra
1952 Manchester United 4 – 2 Newcastle United Old Trafford, Manchester
1953 Arsenal 3 – 1 Blackpool Highbury, Londra
1954 Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 – 4
Titlu maqsum
West Bromwich Albion Molineux, Wolverhampton
1955 Chelsea 3 – 0 Newcastle United Stamford Bridge, Londra
1956 Manchester United 1 – 0 Manchester City Maine Road, Manchester
1957 Manchester United 4 – 0 Aston Villa Old Trafford, Manchester
1958 Bolton Wanderers 4 – 1 Wolverhampton Wanderers Burnden Park, Bolton
1959 Wolverhampton Wanderers 3 – 1 Nottingham Forest Molineux, Wolverhampton
1960 Burnley 2 – 2
Titlu maqsum
Wolverhampton Wanderers Turf Moor, Burnley
1961 Tottenham Hotspur 3 – 2 FA XI White Hart Lane, Londra
1962 Tottenham Hotspur 5 – 1 Ipswich Town Portman Road, Ipswich
1963 Everton 4 – 0 Manchester United Goodison Park, Liverpool
1964 Liverpool 2 – 2
Titlu maqsum
West Ham United Anfield, Liverpool
1965 Manchester United 2 – 2
Titlu maqsum
Liverpool Old Trafford, Manchester
1966 Liverpool 1 – 0 Everton Goodison Park, Liverpool
1967 Manchester United 3 – 3
Titlu maqsum
Tottenham Hotspur Old Trafford, Manchester
1968 Manchester City 6 – 1 West Bromwich Albion Maine Road, Manchester
1969 Leeds United 2 – 1 Manchester City Elland Road, Leeds
1970 Everton 2 – 1 Chelsea Stamford Bridge, Londra
1971 Leicester City 1 – 0 Liverpool Filbert Street, Leicester
1972 Manchester City 1 – 0 Aston Villa Villa Park, Birmingham
1973 Burnley 1 – 0 Manchester City Maine Road, Manchester
1974 Liverpool 1 – 1
Liverpool rebħu 6–5 bil-penalties
Leeds United Wembley Stadium
1975 Derby County 2 – 0 West Ham United Wembley Stadium
1976 Liverpool 1 – 0 Southampton Wembley Stadium
1977 Manchester United 0 – 0
Titlu maqsum
Liverpool Wembley Stadium
1978 Nottingham Forest 5 – 0 Ipswich Town Wembley Stadium
1979 Liverpool 3 – 1 Arsenal Wembley Stadium
1980 Liverpool 1 – 0 West Ham United Wembley Stadium
1981 Aston Villa 2 – 2
Titlu maqsum
Tottenham Hotspur Wembley Stadium
1982 Liverpool 1 – 0 Tottenham Hotspur Wembley Stadium
1983 Manchester United 2 – 0 Liverpool Wembley Stadium
1984 Everton 1 – 0 Liverpool Wembley Stadium
1985 Everton 2 – 0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium
1986 Everton 1 – 1
Titlu maqsum
Liverpool Wembley Stadium
1987 Everton 1 – 0 Coventry City Wembley Stadium
1988 Liverpool 2 – 1 Wimbledon Wembley Stadium
1989 Liverpool 1 – 0 Arsenal Wembley Stadium
1990 Liverpool 1 – 1
Titlu maqsum
Manchester United Wembley Stadium
1991 Arsenal 0 – 0
Titlu maqsum
Tottenham Hotspur Wembley Stadium
1992 Leeds United 4 – 3 Liverpool Wembley Stadium
1993 Manchester United 1 – 1
Manchester United rebħu 5–4 bil-penalties
Arsenal Wembley Stadium
1994 Manchester United 2 – 0 Blackburn Rovers Wembley Stadium
1995 Everton 1 – 0 Blackburn Rovers Wembley Stadium
1996 Manchester United 4 – 0 Newcastle United Wembley Stadium
1997 Manchester United 1 – 1
Manchester United rebħu 4–2 bil-penalties
Chelsea Wembley Stadium
1998 Arsenal 3 – 0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium
1999 Arsenal 2 – 1 Manchester United Wembley Stadium
2000 Chelsea 2 – 0 Manchester United Wembley Stadium
2001 Liverpool 2 – 1 Manchester United Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2002 Arsenal 1 – 0 Liverpool Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2003 Manchester United 1 – 1
Manchester United rebħu 4–3 bil-penalties
Arsenal Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2004 Arsenal 3 – 1 Manchester United Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2005 Chelsea 2 – 1 Arsenal Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2006 Liverpool 2 – 1 Chelsea Millennium Stadium, Cardiff
2007 Manchester United 1 – 1
Manchester United rebħu 3–0 bil-penalties
Chelsea Wembley Stadium
2008 Manchester United 0 – 0
Manchester United rebħu 3–1 bil-penalties
Portsmouth Wembley Stadium
2009 Chelsea 2 – 2
Chelsea rebħu 4–1 bil-penalties
Manchester United Wembley Stadium
2010 Manchester United 3 – 1 Chelsea Wembley Stadium
2011 Manchester United 3 – 2 Manchester City Wembley Stadium
2012 Manchester City 3 – 2 Chelsea Villa Park
2013 Manchester United 2 – 0 Wigan Athletic Wembley Stadium

Skont in-numru ta' rebħiet[editja]

Tim Rebħiet (titli maqsumin) Snin (* titli li ġew maqsuma)
Manchester United 20 (4) 1908, 1911, 1952, 1956, 1957, 1965*, 1967*, 1977*, 1983, 1990*, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013
Liverpool 15 (5) 1964*, 1965*, 1966, 1974, 1976, 1977*, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1986*, 1988, 1989, 1990*, 2001, 2006
Arsenal 12 (1) 1930, 1931, 1933, 1934, 1938, 1948, 1953, 1991*, 1998, 1999, 2002, 2004
Everton 9 (1) 1928, 1932, 1963, 1970, 1984, 1985, 1986*, 1987, 1995
Tottenham Hotspur 7 (3) 1921, 1951, 1961, 1962, 1967*, 1981*, 1991*
Chelsea 4 1955, 2000, 2005, 2009
Manchester City 4 1937, 1968, 1972, 2012
Wolverhampton Wanderers 4 (3) 1949*, 1954*, 1959, 1960*
Leeds United 2 1969, 1992
Burnley 2 (1) 1960*, 1973
West Bromwich Albion 2 (1) 1920, 1954*
Blackburn Rovers 1 1912
Bolton Wanderers 1 1958
Brighton & Hove Albion 1 1910
Cardiff City 1 1927
Derby County 1 1975
Huddersfield Town 1 1922
Leicester City 1 1971
Newcastle United 1 1909
Nottingham Forest 1 1978
Sheffield Wednesday 1 1935
Sunderland 1 1936
Aston Villa 1 (1) 1981*
Portsmouth 1 (1) 1949*
West Ham United 1 (1) 1964*

Referenzi[editja]

  1. ^ a b c d (Ingliż) The FA Community Shield history. TheFA.com. Aċċess tal-URL: 19 ta' Settembru 2011.
  2. ^ (Ingliż) Dylan Dronfield, Charity Shield warning for FA, The Guardian, 4 ta' Marzu 2002.
  3. ^ (Ingliż) FA to rename Charity Shield, BBC, 8 ta' Frar 2002.

Ħoloq esterni[editja]