B. R. Ambedkar

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B. R. Ambedkar
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar.jpg
Member of Rajya Sabha (en) Translate

3 April 1952 - 6 Diċembru 1956
Minister of Law and Justice of India (en) Translate

15 Awwissu 1947 - 6 Ottubru 1951
member of the Committee on Subjects Assigned to the Union Centre (en) Translate

1947 - 1950
member of the Negotiating Committee of the Constituent Assembly of India (en) Translate

1947 - 1950
Member of the Advisory Committee of the Constituent Assembly of India (en) Translate

1947 - 24 Jannar 1950
member of the Steering Committee of the Constituent Assembly of India (en) Translate

1947 - 1950
President

29 Awwissu 1946 - 24 Jannar 1950
Member of the Constituent Assembly of India (en) Translate

6 Lulju 1946 - 24 Jannar 1950
Ministru tax-Xogħol

22 Lulju 1942 - 20 Ottubru 1946
Leader of the Opposition (en) Translate

1937 - 1942
Member (en) Translate

1937 - 1942
Member (en) Translate

1926 - 1937
Ħajja
Isem propju भीवा रामजी सकपाळu Bhīvā Rāmjī Sakpāḷ
Twelid Bhim Janmabhoomi (en) Translateu Dr. Ambedkar Nagar (en) Translate, 14 April 1891
Nazzjonalità British Raj (en) Translate
Indja
Dominion of India (en) Translate
Residenza Indja
Stati Uniti tal-Amerka
Londra
Londra
Grupp etniku Indians (en) Translate
Marathi people (en) Translate
L-ewwel lingwa Marathi (en) Translate
Mewt Dr. Ambedkar National Memorial (en) Translate, 6 Diċembru 1956
Post tad-dfin Chaitya Bhoomi (en) Translate
Mumbai (en) Translate
Manjiera tal-mewt kawżi naturali (mard)
Familja
Missier Ramji Maloji Sakpal
Omm Bhimabai Ramji Sakpal
Konjuga/i Ramabai Ambedkar (en) Translate  (4 April 1906 -  27 Mejju 1935)
Savita Ambedkar (en) Translate  (15 April 1948 -  6 Diċembru 1956)
Ulied
Edukazzjoni
Alma mater University of Mumbai (en) Translate
Elphinstone College (en) Translate
Skola tax-Xjenza Ekonomika u x-Xjenza Politika ta’ Londra
Università ta' Columbia
Government Law College, Mumbai (en) Translate
Livell tal-edukazzjoni Baċellerat tal-Arti
Masters tal-Arti
Doctor of Philosophy in Economics (en) Translate
Masters fix-Xjenza
barrister (en) Translate
Dottorat fix-Xjenza
Doctor of Law (honorary) (en) Translate
Doctor of Literature (honorary) (en) Translate
Direttur tat-teżi Edwin Robert Anderson Seligman (en) Translate
Edwin Cannan (en) Translate
Lingwi Ingliż
Ħindi
Ġermaniż
Pali (en) Translate
Sanskritt
Bengali
Gujarati
Kanariż
Lingwa Persjana
Franċiż
Marathi (en) Translate
Għalliema John Dewey (en) Translate
Edwin Robert Anderson Seligman (en) Translate
Alexander Goldenweiser (en) Translate
Edwin Cannan (en) Translate
James Thomson Shotwell (en) Translate
James Harvey Robinson (en) Translate
Halford Mackinder (en) Translate
Leonard Trelawny Hobhouse (en) Translate
Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson (en) Translate
Okkupazzjoni
Okkupazzjoni ekonomista
politiku
saġġist
barrister (en) Translate
ġurist
soċjologu
antropologu
pedagoġiku
kittieb
filosofu
social reformer (en) Translate
ġurnalist
rivoluzzjonarju
professur
political scientist (en) Translate
erudite person (en) Translate
orator (en) Translate
freedom fighter (en) Translate
storiku
newspaper editor (en) Translate
civil rights advocate (en) Translate
umanitarju
attivist għad-drittijet umani
educational theorist (en) Translate
spiritual leader (en) Translate
attivist tal-paċi
awtobijografu
political writer (en) Translate
teologu
pittur
attivista tad-drittijiet tan-nisa
bibliographer (en) Translate
Għoli 178 cm
Post tax-xogħol Mumbai (en) Translate
Delhi (en) Translate
Xogħlijiet importanti Annihilation of Caste (en) Translate
Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development (en) Translate
Who Were the Shudras? (en) Translate
The Buddha and His Dhamma (en) Translate
Waiting for a Visa (en) Translate
Small Holdings in India and Their Remedies (en) Translate
The Problem of the Rupees: Its Origin and Its Solution (en) Translate
The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India (en) Translate
Pakistan or Partition of India (en) Translate
Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah (en) Translate
What Congress and Gandhi Have Done to the Untouchables (en) Translate
States and Minorities (en) Translate
The Untouchables: Who Were They and Why They Became Untouchables (en) Translate
Thoughts on Linguistic States (en) Translate
Revolution and Counter-revolution in Ancient India (en) Translate
Riddles in Hinduism (en) Translate
Administration and Finance of the East India Company (en) Translate
Mr. Gandhi and the Emancipation of the Untouchables (en) Translate
Maharashtra as a Linguistic Province (en) Translate
The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women (en) Translate
Federation Versus Freedom (en) Translate
Communal Deadlock and a way to Solve it (en) Translate
Premjijiet
Influwenzat minn Gautama Buddha, Kabir (en) Translate, Jyotirao Phule (en) Translateu John Dewey (en) Translate
Moviment social movement (en) Translate
Indian independence movement (en) Translate
Dalit Buddhist movement (en) Translate

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, magħruf ukoll bħala Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar (twieled fl-14 ta' April 1891 – miet fis-6 ta' Diċembru 1956), kien ġurist, ekonomista, politiku u riformatur soċjali Indjan, li ispira l-moviment Buddista Dalit u għamel kampanja kontra d-diskriminazzjoni soċjali lejn dawk li ma jintmessux (Dalits). Huwa appoġġa wkoll id-drittijiet tan-nisa u tax-xogħol. Huwa kien l-ewwel Ministru indipendenti tal-Liġi u l-Ġustizzja tal-Indja, il-perit tal-Kostituzzjoni tal-Indja, u l-missier fundatur tar-Repubblika tal-Indja.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Fl-1956, huwa beda konverżjoni tal-massa tad-Dalits, u kkonverta għall-Buddiżmu ma '600,000 partitarju. Huwa qajjem il-Buddiżmu fl-Indja. Ambedkar huwa meqjus bħala bodhisattva, u l-Maitreya, fost il-Buddisti Navayana.[7][8][9][10]

Fl-1990, il-Bharat Ratna, l-ogħla premju ċivili tal-Indja, ingħata posthumously lil Ambedkar. Il-wirt ta 'Ambedkar jinkludi bosta monumenti u tpinġijiet fil-kultura popolari. Il-wirt ta 'Ambedkar bħala riformatur soċjo-politiku, kellu effett profond fuq l-Indja moderna.[11][12]

Ambedkar ġie vvutat "l-Ikbar Indjan" (The Greatest Indian) fl-2012 minn stħarriġ organizzat minn History TV18 u CNN IBN, qabel Vallabhbhai Patel u Jawaharlal Nehru.[13]

Ambedkar Jayanti (għeluq snin Ambedkar) huwa festival annwali ċċelebrat fl-14 ta 'April, li jiġi ċċelebrat mhux biss fl-Indja iżda mad-dinja kollha. Ambedkar Jayanti huwa ċċelebrat bħala btala pubblika uffiċjali fl-Indja kollha.[14] In-Nazzjonijiet Uniti ċċelebraw lil Ambedkar Jayanti fl-2016, fl-2017 u fl-2018.[15][16][17]

Referenzi[immodifika | immodifika s-sors]

  1. ^ "Bhimrao Ambedkar" (bl-Ingliż). Università ta' Columbia.
  2. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids" (bl-Ingliż). The Indian Express. 2019-04-14.
  3. ^ Rajagopalan, Shruti (2020-07-09). "How India's Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues" (bl-Ingliż). BQ Prime.
  4. ^ "Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar" (bl-Ingliż). Britannica.
  5. ^ "All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary" (bl-Ingliż). NDTV. 2020-04-14.
  6. ^ Buswell, Robert Jr; Lopez, Donald S. Jr. (2013). Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism (bl-Ingliż). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780691157863.
  7. ^ "Why Ambedkar chose Buddhism over Hinduism, Islam, Christianity" (bl-Ingliż). ThePrint. 2019-05-20.
  8. ^ "Buddha Purnima: Why Ambedkar converted to Buddhism" (bl-Ingliż). The Indian Express. 2020-05-08.
  9. ^ Balasubramanian, Malavika; Gopinath, Vishnu (2021-04-13). "Decoding Dr BR Ambedkar's Conversion to Buddhism" (bl-Ingliż). The Quint.
  10. ^ Emmanuel, Steven M. (2015). A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy (bl-Ingliż). John Wiley & Sons. pp. 529–531. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3.
  11. ^ Joshi, Barbara R. (1986). Untouchable!: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement (bl-Ingliż). Zed Books. pp. 11–14. ISBN 9780862324605. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2016-07-29.
  12. ^ Keer, D. (1990). Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission (bl-Ingliż). Popular Prakashan. p. 61. ISBN 9788171542376. Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal fl-2016-07-30.
  13. ^ "A Measure Of The Man" (bl-Ingliż). Outlook India.
  14. ^ "Declaration of Holiday on 14th April, 2015- Birthday of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar" (PDF) (bl-Ingliż). Arkivjat minn l-oriġinal (PDF) fl-2015-04-05.
  15. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost". firstpost.com (bl-Ingliż).
  16. ^ "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'" (bl-Ingliż). The New Indian Express.
  17. ^ "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State". newsstate.com (bl-Ingliż).