Annie Ernaux

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Annie Ernaux
Annie Ernaux in 2022 (2 av 11).jpg
Ħajja
Isem propju Annie Thérèse Blanche Duchesne
Twelid Lillebonne (en) Translate, 1 Settembru 1940 (82 sena)
Nazzjonalità Franza
L-ewwel lingwa Franċiż
Edukazzjoni
Alma mater Università ta' Rouen
Università ta' Bordeaux
Lingwi Franċiż
Okkupazzjoni
Okkupazzjoni kittieb
għalliem
reġista
direttur tal-films
Xogħlijiet importanti Les Armoires vides (en) Translate
La Place (en) Translate
Les Années (en) Translate
Premjijiet
Nominat għal
uri
  • [[International Booker Prize (en) ]]
    (2019) : [[Les Années (en) ]]
Influwenzat minn Nausea (en) Translate, Things: A Story of the Sixties (en) Translate, Élise ou la vraie vie (en) Translate, Virginia Woolf, Simone de Beauvoir (en) Translateu Pierre Bourdieu (en) Translate

Annie Thérèse Blanche Ernaux (née Duchesne) twieldet fl-1 ta' Settembru tal-1940 u hija kittieba Franċiża u professur tal-letteratura. Fl-2022 rebħet il-Premju Nobel fil-Letteratura, għall-kuraġġ u l-preċiżjoni klinika li bihom esponiet l-għeruq, id-distakk, u r-restrizzjonijiet kollettivi tal-memorja personali tagħha.[1][2] Ix-xogħol letterarju tagħha, fil-biċċa kbira tiegħu awtobijografiku, huwa marbut ħafna mas-soċjologija.[3]

Karriera Letterarja[immodifika | immodifika s-sors]

Ernaux bdiet il-karriera letterarja tagħha fl-1974 bir-rumanz awtobijografiku Les Armoires vides (‘Cleaned Out’). Fl-1984, rebħet il-Premju Renaudot għan-narrattiva awtobijografika La Place (‘A Man’s Place’). F’dan ir-rumanz, Ernaux tiffoka fuq ir-relazzjoni tagħha ma' missierha, l-esperjenzi ta’ tfulitha f'belt żgħira fi Franza, u t-tluq mir-raħal li trabbiet fih.[4][5]

Kmieni fil-karriera tagħha, Ernaux tbiegħdet mill-finzjoni u bdiet tiffoka fuq l-awtobijografija.[6]  F’xogħlijietha titkellem dwar diversi esperjenzi storiċi u individwali, fosthom il-progress soċjali tal-ġenituri tagħha (La place, La honte ‘Shame’),[7] l-adoloxxenza tagħha (Ce qu'ils disent ou rien), u ż-żwieġ tagħha (La femme gelée ‘A Frozen Woman’).[8] Ernaux tikteb ukoll dwar ir-relazzjoni intima li kellha ma’ raġel mil-Lvant tal-Ewropa (Passion SimpleSimple Passion’),[9] l-esperjenza tal-abort, (L'événementHappening’),[10] il-marda tal-Alzheimer (Je ne suis pas sortie de ma nuitI Remain in Darkness’),[11] il-mewt ta' ommha (Une femmeA Woman’s Story’), u l-kanċer tas-sider (L 'usage de la photoThe Uses of Photography’).[12] Hija kitbet ukoll L'écriture comme un couteau (‘Writing as Sharp as a Knife’) flimkien ma' Frédéric-Yves Jeannet.[12]

A Woman’s Story’, ‘A Man’s Place’ u ‘Simple Passion’, huma rikonoxxuti minn The New York Times bħala kotba notevoli[13] u ‘A Women’s Story’ kien finalista għal The Los Angeles Times Book Prize.[14]Shame’ ġie magħżul minn Publishers Weekly bħala l-aqwa ktieb tal-1998[15] u ‘I Remain in Darkness’ minn Washington Post bħala t-Top Memoir tal-1999. Fl-2008 ‘The Possession’ kien elenkat mir-rivista More bħala wieħed mill-aqwa għaxar kotba tas-sena.[16]  

Il-ktieb awtobijografiku ta' Ernaux Les Années (‘The Years’) li ħareġ fl-2008, intlaqa’ tajjeb mill-kritiċi Franċiżi u huwa meqjus minn ħafna bħala wieħed mill-aqwa xogħlijiet tagħha.[17] F'dan il-ktieb, Ernaux tikteb għall-ewwel darba dwarha nnifisha fit-tielet persuna ('elle', jew ‘she’ bl-Ingliż) u tippreżenta b’mod ċar lis-soċjetà Franċiża ta’ bejn it-Tieni Gwerra Dinjija u l-bidu tal-millenju.[18] Dan il-ktieb jittratta storja ta’ mara f’soċjetà li kienet qed tevolvi. Il-ktieb Les Années (‘The Years’) rebaħ il-Prix François-Mauriac de la région Aquitaine tal-2008,[19]  il-Premju Marguerite Duras tal-2008,[20] il-Prix de la langue française tal-2008, il-Premju Télégramme Readers tal-2009 u l-iStrefa European Prize tal-2016. Les Années (‘The Years’), ġie tradott minn Alison L. Strayer u kien finalista għall-31 edizzjoni tal-Premju Annwali tal-French-American Foundation Translation. Dan il-ktieb ġie nnominat ukoll għall-International Booker Prize tal-2019,[21] u rebaħ l-Warwick Prize for Women in Translation tal-2019.[22][23] Dan il-premju wassal sabiex Ernaux tikseb iktar popolarità fil-pajjiżi anglofoniċi.[24]

Fis-6 ta’ Ottubru tal-2022, kien imħabbar li Ernaux kienet ser tingħata l-Premju Nobel tal-Letteratura tal-2022,[25][26] għall-kuraġġ u l-preċiżjoni klinika li bihom esponiet l-għeruq, id-distakk, u r-restrizzjonijiet kollettivi tal-memorja personali tagħha.[1] Ernaux hija s-16-il kittieb Franċiż, u l-ewwel Franċiża, li rċeviet dan il-premju tal-letteratura.[25] Il-President ta’ Franza, Emmanuel Macron, awguralha u stqarr li hija kienet il-vuċi tal-libertà tan-nisa u ta’ dawk minsija.[25]

Ħafna mix-xogħlijiet ta’ Ernaux ġew tradotti għall-Ingliż u ppubblikati minn Seven Stories Press, stamperija li ġiet imsemmija għall-Ernaux u għal sitt awturi fundaturi oħra.[24]

Referenzi[immodifika | immodifika s-sors]

  1. ^ a b "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2022". The Nobel Prize (Press release). 6 October 2022. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  2. ^ "About – Annie Ernaux". www.annie-ernaux.org. Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  3. ^ Ulin, David L. (21 January 2018). "Unorthodox snapshots of life". Los Angeles Times. p. F10. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 5 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  4. ^ Ferniot, Christine (1 November 2005). "1983 : La place par Annie Ernaux". L'EXPRESS (in French). Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  5. ^ Schwartz, Christine (24 May 1992). "The Prodigal Daughter". Newsday. Long Island, N.Y. p. 35. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Annie Ernaux. Les Années". Le Télégramme (in French). 3 May 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  7. ^ Spafford, Roz (13 July 1992). "Finding the World Between Two Parents". San Francisco Examiner. p. 5 – Review. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  8. ^ Castro, Jan Garden (27 August 1995). "Pitfalls, Trials Of Womanhood". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. p. 5C. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  9. ^ Hale, Mike (3 September 1994). "'Simple Passion' gets to the heart of obsession". Boston Globe. p. 71. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  10. ^ Reynolds, Susan Salter (30 September 2001). "Discoveries". Los Angeles Times. p. 11-Book Review. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ Bernstein, Richard (28 November 1999). "'Darkness' a look at final illness". Tallahassee Democrat. p. 2D. Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ a b "People / Personnalités / Annie Ernaux". Elle (in French). 6 May 2009. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  13. ^ "A 'great honour' and 'responsibility': Annie Ernaux on her Nobel prize win". Mint. 6 October 2022. Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  14. ^ "1991 Los Angeles Times Book Prize – Fiction Winner and Nominees". Awards Archive. 25 March 2020. Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  15. ^ Introduction & Overview of Shame. BookRags. Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  16. ^ Mutha, Snehal (6 October 2022). "Who Is Annie Ernaux ? A Nobel Prize Winner For Literature". SheThePeople. Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  17. ^ Peras, Delphine (11 February 2010). "Les Années par Annie Ernaux". L'EXPRESS (in French). Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  18. ^ Laurin, Danielle (3 April 2008). "Autobiographie : Les années: le livre d'une vie" (in French). CBC/Radio-Canada. Archived from the original on 21 October 2012. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  19. ^ "Prix François Mauriac". aquitaine.fr (in French). 18 October 2014. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016.
  20. ^ "Prix Marguerite Duras". Association Marguerite Duras (in French). Archived from the original on 19 October 2021. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  21. ^ "Annie Ernaux | The Booker Prizes". thebookerprizes.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  22. ^ "Annie Ernaux wins the Nobel prize in literature for 2022". The Economist. 6 October 2022. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  23. ^ "Winner announced for the 2019 Warwick Prize for Women in Translation". University of Warwick. 21 November 2019. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  24. ^ a b Shaffi, Sarah (6 October 2022). "Annie Ernaux wins the 2022 Nobel prize in literature". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 7 October 2022.
  25. ^ a b c Bushby, Helen (6 October 2022). "Annie Ernaux: French writer wins Nobel Prize in Literature". BBC News. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
  26. ^ "French author Annie Ernaux wins 2022 Nobel Prize for Literature". Onmanorama. 6 October 2022. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 6 October 2022.